Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt

Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt (1932, Wurzen – 2024, Berlin, Germany) was born in Wurzen, Saxony, and after the war she settled in Berlin and worked for the exhibitions department at the Academy of Arts. Despite not having a formal artistic education, she produced paintings, pastels, drawings and most notably what she calls “typewritings”. Works on paper made on a typewriter, the typewritings are intricate studies spanning concrete poetry, linguistics, graphic design and conceptual art – innovative hybrids of language, symbols and visual form. Although in the beginning of her practice Wolf-Rehfeldt explored semiotics and concrete poetry, she began to shift her focus in later years to abstract compositions, moving from linguistic signage to language as form and matter.

Wolf-Rehfeldt was nominated for candidacy for the Association of Fine Artists of the GDR in 1975, and was admitted as a full member in 1978. Due to her special status as a member of the AFA, Wolf-Rehfeldt was allowed to print a limited number of 50 “miniature graphic” works (Kleingrafik) in print shops. Each of her works thus consists of an original – either an individual typed work or a series – and of further reproductions in the form of carbon copies, postcards or prints in formats ranging from A6 to A4. During the period of her artistic production, Wolf-Rehfeldt was simultaneously engaged with a vast network of artists, known as the Mail Art Movement. Wolf-Rehfeldt and her partner Robert Rehfeldt were pioneers within the GDR of a type of artistic exchange that allowed for the uncensored circulation of art and ideas. As works of art prone to accessible distribution, Wolf-Rehfeldt’s typewritings were often included in her correspondences with other artists. 

After the fall of the Berlin wall and the death of her partner, Wolf-Rehfeldt stopped making work altogether. Her newly found geographical freedom had fundamentally altered the function of making and distributing art. Yet in recent years, a newly invigorated interest in her work had begun to emerge. Along with several public exhibitions, ChertLüdde has begun a collaborative process of archiving all of her works and Mail Art archive.

Wolf-Rehfeldt was awarded with the Gerhard-Altenbourg Prize of the Lindenau-Museums 2021 and the Hannah Höch Prize 2022.

Her work has been exhibited in venues such as DAS MINSK, Potsdam; Sammlung Schering Stiftung im Kupferstichkabinett, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin; MAMCO, Geneva; Kunstverein Reutlingen; Galerie Weisser Elefant; National Gallery of Arts, Tirana; Albertinum, SKD, Dresden (with David Horvitz); Goethe, Minneapolis; Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin; Malmö Konsthall, Malmö; documenta 14, Kassel; Halle 14, Leipzig; Museum für konkrete Kunst, Ingolstadt; Museum Barberini, Potsdam; Kunstsaele Berlin; Kunstnernes Hus, Oslo; Martin Gropius Bau, Berlin; Schloss Plüschow Museum, Plüschow; Kunsthal Charlottenborg, Copenhagen; The Weserburg Study Centre / Museum of Modern Art Bremen. 

Collections: Sammlung zeitgenössischer Kunst der Bundesrepublik Deutschland; DAS MINSK, Potsdam; Sammlung Schering Stiftung im Kupferstichkabinett, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin; Sammlung Hasso Plattner / Hasso Plattner Collection; Collezione del premio Rotary Club Milano Brera per l’arte contemporanea e i giovani artisti; Kunstfonds, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden; Nouveau Musée National de Monaco.


Grants – Prizes:


Gerhard-Altenbourg-Preis 2021 of the Altenburger Lindenau-Museums

Sardi per l’Arte, Back to the Future Prize

Rotary Club Milano Brera Prize

Selected Solo Exhibitions
Nichts Neues: Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt, curated by Paola Malavassi, DAS MINSK Kunsthaus in Postdam, Potsdam

Wie eine Spinne im Netz: Hannah Höch Prize 2022, curated by Jenny Graser, Kupferstichkabinett – Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Berlin

Escolios: poesía en correo. Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt y el arte en red, The Mathias Goeritz Documentary Archive at Museo Cabañas, Guadalajara
Solo Exhibition, curated by Benjamin Rux, Lindenau Museum, Altenburg

Zeichen der Zeit / Zeit der Zeichen, with Hanne Darboven, Sprüth Magers, London

Kein Witz, No Joke, with Sophie Reinhold, curated by Imke Kannegießer, Kunstverein Reutlingen, Reutlingen
Introverse Arrangements, with Michail Pirgelis, BRAUNSFELDER, Cologne

Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt: Collages and Editions, curated by Sven Spieker, National Gallery of Arts, Tirana
Signs of Signs, ChertLüdde, Berlin
Für Ruth, der Himmel in Los Angeles, with David Horvitz, curated by Kathleen Reinhardt, Albertinum, SKD, Dresden

Solo presentation at Miart with ChertLüdde, Generation Sector, Milan
Signs Fiction, solo presentation at Art Basel Feature with Chert, Berlin

Signs Fiction, solo presentation, abc – Art Berlin Contemporary, with Chert, Berlin
Veronika Radulovic / Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt, Insel Galerie, Berlin
Signs Fiction, Chert, Berlin

Ruth Wolf- Rehfeldt – Original Graphic Works 1972-1989, Weserburg Study Centre / Museum of Modern Art Bremen

Galerie Fliesenwerke, Boizenburg

Galerie am Prater, Berlin
Teatru Studio, Warschau

Selected Group Exhibitions

READ, Curated by Elmgreen and Dragset, Kunsthalle Prague, Prague
If the Berlin Wind Blows My Flag. Kunst und Internationalisierung vor dem Mauerfall, Curated by Nóra Lukács and Melanie Roumiguière with Malte Giesen, Krisztina Hunya, Yolanda Kaddu-Mulindwa, and Angela Lammert, Neuer Berliner Kunstverein, Berlin
My Demons My Angels, ChertLüdde, Berlin
I’ve seen the Wall: Louis Armstrong on tour in the GDR 1965, Curated by Paola Malavassi and Jason Moran, DAS MINSK Kunsthaus in Potsdam, Potsdam
No Man Is An Island, Curated by Galerie Tobias Naehring × Techne Sphere Kunstraum, Leipzig (upcoming)
Audition for an Unwritten Opera, Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden Baden, Baden Baden
World Framed. Zeitgenössische Zeichenkunst der Sammlung Schering Stiftung, curated by Jenny Graser, Kupferstichkabinett, Berlin
Auditions for an Unwritten Opera, Kunsthalle Baden-Baden
Nationalgalerie: A Collection for the 21st Century, Hamburger Bahnhof – Nationalgalerie der Gegenwart, Berlin
Werk Statt Sammlung: Artworks from the Hasso Plattner Collection, DAS MINSK Kunsthaus in Potsdam, Potsdam
Imagine a Breath of Fresh Air, curated by Jindrich Chalupecky Society from Prague, Galeria Studio, Warsaw

Kunst ist wenn sie trotzdem entsteht, Curated by The Mail Art Archive of Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt and Robert Rehfeldt, Kunstraum Potsdam, Potsdam
For Ruth, the Sky over Los Angeles: Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt and David Horvitz, curated by Kathleen Reinhardt, Wende Museum, Los Angeles
Worin unsere Stärke besteht, curated by Andrea Pichl with Sylvia Sadzinski, Kunstraum Kreuzberg/Bethanien, Berlin
Anti-Social Art: Experimental Practices in Late East Germany, curated by Sara Blaylock and Sarah James, Tweed Museum of Art at the University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth

Calculation Control: (Netz)Kunst und Kybernetik, curated by Anneliese Ostertag, Haus der Statistik, Berlin
“Mira a ver si… Poesía experimental y Mail Art (Let’s see if…Experimental Poetry and Mail Art in Mallorca), curated by Jaume Pinya, Esbaluard Museu, Palma
Inventaire, Organized by Paul Bernard, Lionel Bovier, Sophie Costes, Julien Fronsacq, and Françoise Ninghetto, MAMCO, Geneva

Rock Me Baby, Centre d’art contemporain, Yverdon-les-Bains (CACY)
Borrowed Space and Regular Features, ProjecteSD, Barcelona
Hidden Labour across (inter∞note01), Curated and conceived by Doreen Mende, KV – Verein für zeitgenössische Kunst Leipzig e.V.

Zwischen Ausgängen, curated by Julia Heunemann, Galerie Weisser Elefant, Berlin
Bild & Schrift – Die Revolution in Hennef kann warten, Susanne Neuerburg, Hennef
ARCOmadrid, with ChertLüdde, Dialogues Section with Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt
Jahresausgaben or ne travaillez assez, ne comptez jamais, Lothringer13 Halle, Munich

Collusion, Collision, Illusion, Goethe Pop Up,  Minneapolis
Pissing in a River. Again!, Kunstraum Kreuzberg, Bethanien, Berlin
A l’heure du dessin, 6e temps, Tracé, curated by Josée Gensollen and Martine Robin, Château de Servières, Marseille
Hello World. Revising the Collection, Hamburger Bahnhof – Museum für Gegenwart, Berlin
The Hired Grievers, Curated by Jason Dodge, Madragoa, Lisbon

You’ve got 1243 unread messages, Latvian Centre for Contemporary Art, Riga
Behind the Mask: Artists in the GDR, Museum Barberini, Potsdam
PRESSURE │ IMPRINT – Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt, Charlotte Johannesson, Ester Fleckner, Curated by Mats Stjernstedt, Malmö Konsthall, Malmö
documenta14, Curated by Adam Szymczyk, Neue Neue Galerie (Neue Hauptpost), Kassel
WIN/WIN –Die Ankäufe der Kulturstiftung des Freistaates Sachsen 2017, Halle 14, Leipzig
Out of Office. Büro-Kunst oder das Büro im Museum, Museum für konkrete Kunst, Ingolstadt

Klappe eins, Affe tot…, Kunstsaele Berlin
The Seeable and the Sayable, curated by Helga Marie Nordbly and Ida Kierulf, Kunstnernes Hus, Oslo
Gegenstimmen. Kunst in der DDR 1976-1989, curated by Eugen Blume und Christoph Tannert
Martin Gropius Bau, Berlin,
Group presentation at ART-O-RAMA, Marseille

Bild und Wort, Schloss Plüschow Museum, Plüschow
Group presentation at Art Cologne, with Chert, Berlin
Wort – Zeichen – Bild, Insel Galerie, Berlin
Perhaps when I am over the hump with my present work I shall be able to write a critical essay, curated by Mathias Kryger and Arendse Krabbe, Kunstbiblioteket, Kunsthal Charlottenborg, Copenhagen

Arte Postale, Academy of Arts, Berlin

Obenauf und ungebrochen – Künstlerpublikationen aus der DDR, Weserburg Study Centre / Museum of Modern Art Bremen

… keine Kunst? Mail Art-Projekte, Museum fur Post und Kommunikation Berlin

Mail Art Osteuropa – im internationalen Netzwerk, Staatliches Museum Schwerin

Selected Bibliography

“READ,” edited by Elmgreen & Dragset, Kunsthalle Praha & DCV, 2024, Prague.

“Material Ciphers: Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt’s Concrete Conceptualism and the Informational Imaginaries of the Cold War” by Christopher Williams-Wynn, on The Art Bulletin, Volume 105, Issue 4; pp. 88-115, 8 January 2024, online.
“Tippe, es ist Kunst” Kito Nedo, ART-Magazin, February 2023, p.60-70.
Catalogue: “WORLD FRAMED. Zeitgenössische Zeichenkunst der Sammlung Schering Stiftung im Kupferstichkabinett”, Ed. Jenny Graser, DVC Books, 2023, ISBN: 9783969121283
“Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt Searches for Peace in a Divided World” by Alex Turgeon, Frieze, Issue 233, January 2023, online.

“For Ruth, The Sky in Los Angeles: Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt and David Horvitz” by Andrea Gyorody, ArtForum, 15 March 2022, online.
“Hannah-Höch-Preis an Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt” on Wdr, 2 November 2022, online.
“Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt im Berliner Kulturforum – Relief im Potsdamer Minsk zu sehen” on MAZ – Märchische Allgemeine Zeitung, 2 November 2022, online.
“Buchstaben-Avantgarde: Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt aus Pankow erhält den Hannah-Höch-Preis” by Ingeborg Ruthe on Berliner Zeitung, 1 November 2022, p.11.
“Kunst aus Buchstaben und Sprache” by Ulrike Borowczyk on Berliner Morgenpost, 1 November 2022, online.
“Potsdams Minsk vor der Eröffnung: Was im neuen Museum zu sehen sein wird”, by Lena Schneider, Tagesspiegel, 8 September 2022, online.
“Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt: Avantgarde mit den Typen der Erika” on Berliner Zeitung, 8 February 2022, online.

“Berlin hat ein neues Kunst-Festival” by Marcus Woeller, Die Welt, 19 August 2021.
“Die Königin der Schreibmaschinen: Textur und Poesie der Fläche bei Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt “ by Birgit Schneider on NutzKunst, 27 July 2021, online.
Catalogue: “Crocodile Cradle” by Simon Morretti, Mousse Publishing, Milan, 2021, ISBN: 978-88-6749-503-0
Catalogue: “For Ruth: The sky in Los Angeles” ed. by Kathleen Reinhardt, Yvon Lambert, ChertLüdde, Staatliche Kunstsammlung Dresden, Wende Museum, Spector Books, Leipzig, 2021. ISBN: 978-3-95905-405-8
Catalogue: “Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt Gerhard-Altenbourg-Preis 2021” by Elke Erb, Benjamin Rux, et.Al., ed. by Lindenau Museum Altenburg and Roland Krischke, Sandstein Verlag, Dresden, 2021, ISBN 978-3-95498-619-4
“FREISPRUCH FÜR DIEKUNST” by Christiane Meixner on Weltkunst, 17 June 2021.
“aber nun sehe ich dich bald wirklich wirklich wirklich wirklich”, by Christina Hansen and Miryam Schellbach, Edit N°83, Leipzig, Spring 2021, pp. 100-109, ISBN 0943-8645 
“Absurd Fables, Heavy questions and Crocodile tears: Simon Moretti at PEER” by Bryony White on Frieze, 22 March 2021, online.
“Späte Ehren” by Matthias Zwarg, Chemnitzer Zeitung, 8 February 2021, p.6. 
Catalogue: “Ruth Wolf-Rehfleldt” by Valerie Hortolani in  “I Heart Women in Art 100 Künstlerinnen vorgestellt von Frauen aus Kunst & Kultur”, ed. by Bianca Kennedy and Janine Mackenroth, Veröffentlicht, Munich, 2020. ISBN: 978-3-9821741-1-2
Catalogue “Women in Concrete Poetry: 1965-1979” by Alex Belgiu, Monica de la Torre, Primary Information, New York, 2020. ISBN: 9781734489729
Catalogue: “Goethe in the Skyways” by Sandra Teitge, Valérie Chartrain, Spector Books, Berlin, 2020. ISBN: 978395905358
Catalogue: “JOAN BROSSA I LA POESIA EXPERIMENTAL, 1946-1980 THE NET IN THE FOREST AND EXPERIMENTAL POETRY, 1946-1980” by Eduard Escoffet, Ajuntament de Barcelona, Barcelona, 2020. ISBN: 9788491562658
“Später Ruhm Die 88-jährige Buchstaben-Grafikerin und Künstlerin Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt erhält den Altenbourg-Preis” by Ingeborg Ruthe on Berliner Zeitung, Nr. 276, 26 November 2020, p.15. 
“Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt erhält Gerhard-Altenbourg-Preis 2020”, on Zeit Online, 23 November 2020, online.
“Hanne Darboven and Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt” by Emily LaBarge on Artforum, issue October/November 2020, pp.220-221 
Catalogue: “La Xarxa al Bosc”, publication for the exhibition “The net and the forest: Joan Brossa and experimental poetry 1946 – 1980, curated by Eduard Escoffet for Fundació Joan Brossa. Published by Fundació Joan Brossa and Ajuntament de Barcelona, ISBN: 978-84-9156-265-8
Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt, Introverse Arrangements, Unbidden Tongues #1, 2020, edited by Isabelle Sully, published by Publication Studio Rotterdam, ISBN: 9789492308832

Catalogue: “Introverse Arrangements” by Michail Pirgelis and Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt, Braunsfelder, ISBN: 978-3-947839-06-3
Catalogue: “Regular Features” by Marc Natzaam, Roma Publication 356, ISBN: 9789492811448
“Concrete Poetry: Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt” on Carcy, Spring/Summer 2019
“Ruth, Robert, René – eine Künstlerfamilie in Ostberlin” by Ulrike Bajohr on Deutschlandfunk Kultur, 31.05.2019, online
“Can the Artists Help Survive? – New Approaches to Art of the GDR, Looking Back while Moving Forwards” by Kathleen Reinhardt, Mezosfera, January, 2019, online.

“Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt, bajo vigilancia” by Javier Hontoria on El Cultural, 26 October 2018, pages 34-35
“Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt “Signs of Signs” at ChertLüdde, Berlin” on Mousse, 9 November 2018
“Zeichen setzen, Zeichen lesen” by Beate Scheder on taz plan, October 2018
“Pressure/Imprint at Malmö Konsthall” by Kristian Vistrup Madsen on Art Review Asia, January 2018

“Die leise Kraft” by Lena Schneider on Potsdamer Tagesspiegel, December 2017
“Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt and Robert Rehfeldt” by Yann Chateigné on frieze, 1 December 2017
Catalogue: “Out of Office. Büro-Kunst oder das Büro im Museum”, on occasion of the exhibition at Museum für Konkrete Kunst – Ingolstadt, published by Surface, ISBN: 9783939855514
Catalogue: “The documenta 14 Reader”, Kassel, published by Prestel, ISBN: 9783791356570

“Die Stasi verstand nichts”, Gesine Borcherdt, Welt, 27/08/2016
“Zeichen und Wunder” by Donna Schons, Monopol,  issue 09/2016
“Writer’s Block”, Lowdown Magazine, Fall/Winter issue
“Bilder aus Zeichen” on Weltkunst magazine by Matthias Ehlert
“Art of Typewriting” on Surface Magazine
“Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt – Schrift Stücke”, Verlag Lutz Wohlrab, Berlin

“Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt” on Inferno magazine by Gauthier Lesturgie
“Am Anfang war die Erika” on Tip Berlin by Phillip Koch
Catalogue: “Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt – Mühsam, waschsen, werdende Strukturen”, Verlag Lutz Wohlrab, Berlin
“Signs Fiction” on Art Forum by Astrid Mania, issue 53
Review of the concurrent exhibition “Signs Fiction” by Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt and “Home Archives” by Paolo Bruscky and Robert Rehfeldt at Chert, Berlin on by Sara Blaylock
Review of Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt’s solo exhibition “Signs Fiction” at Chert, Berlin, on art-agenda by Doreen Mende

Catalogue: “TYPEWRITER ART”, A Modern Anthology”, Barrie Tullett, Laurence King Publishing, ISBN-13: 978-1780673479

“Robert Rehfeldt and Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt, Their GDR-Based International Network” on Setup4 by Anne Thurmann-Jajes, n. 1 – set up 4 artists’ publications

Review of Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt on the on-line magazine Glucke

“Poetry goes Art & vice versa”, in Punkt. Kunst im Nordwesten, Summer 2011, number 2
Catalogue: “SUBVERSIVE”, “Praktiken / Practices. Art under Conditions of Political Repression: 60s-80s / South America / Europe”, Hatje Cantz publications

Catalogue: “Type Bound. Books as Sculpture from Florida Collections, Typewriter Poems from the Sackner Archive of Concrete and Visual Poetry” held from 27/1 until 4/3/2009 at the UCF Art Gallery, curated by Craig Saper and Theo Lotz
Catalogue: “Obenauf und ungebrochen, Künstlerpublikationen aus der DDR”. WESERBURG, Studienzentrum Künstlerpublikationen. Universität Bremen,  ISBN 978-928761-75-8
Catalogue: “Studienzentrum für Künstlerpublikationen”, WESERBURG, Studienzentrum Künstlerpublikationen, Universität Bremen

Catalogue: “Schrift, Zeichen, Geste: Carlfriedrich Claus im Kontext von Klee bis Pollock. Gestische und skripturale Kunst im 20. Jahrhundert”, Ingrid Mössinger and Städtische Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz and Brigitta Milde, Weinand, ISBN: 978-3879098675

Catalogue: “Art a la Carle. Internationale Künstlerpostkarten seit den 60er Jahren”, Otto C. Dahms (editors: Otto C. Dahms, Tania Müller, Neues Museum Weserburg Bremen), Neues Museum Weserburg, ISBN: 3-928761-63-3

Exhibition catalogue: “Neue Poesie: 20 Jahre Bielefelder Colloquium. Ausstellung, Kunsthalle Bielefeld, 10/4 bis 4/5/1997: Katalog”

Catalogue: “Mail Art Eastern Europe in International Network” by Katrin Mrotzek, Guy Schraenen, ed. by Dr. Kornelia von Berswordt-Wallrabe and Staatliches Museum Schwerin, Staatliches Museum Schwerin, ISBN 3-86106-021-3
Exhibition catalogue: “Kolekcja Jürgena Weichardta. Dar Dla Chelmskeij Kolekcji” held from August until September 1996 at the Galeria Rzezby, curated by Bozena Kowalska, Warszawa

Exhibition catalogue of the show held from 30/1 until 28/3/1993 at the Museen der Stadt Salzwedel, conceived by Johanna Bartl

Catalogue: “Am Kap der Guten Hoffnung. Literatur und Provokation”, Gerhard Stebner, Verlag Die Blaue Eule, Essen, ISBN: 3-89206-295-1

Exhibition catalogue of the show held 15th January – 12th February 1989 at Trondhjems Kunstforening, Trondheim, Norway

Artists publication: “artestudio”, “MAIL ART project”, Theme 1988
Artists publication: “S.A.P.”, Wendysstomack, April 1

Catalogue: “100 Ausgewählte Grafiken: Ausstellung, Galerie Unter den Linden – Berlin, Oktober/November 1987″, Art-Union Öffentlichkeitsarbeit
Artists publication: “A Margem, Inform- Ação Cultural”, issue n.3, Natal, Brazil

Artists publication: “A Margem, Inform- Ação Cultural”, issue n.2, Natal, Brazil

Exhibition catalogue: “Am Anfang war das Wort” held from 21/9 until 21/10/1984 at the Städtische Galerie Lüdenscheid

“About VILE, mail art news & photos from the eternal network”, Banana Productions and Canada Council, Canada
Catalogue: “World x Art x Post”, ed. Galántai György / Galántai Julia, Artpool, Budapest
Catalogue: “Retrospektive 1973-1983. Malerei, Grafik, Platik. 100 Ausstellung 27/10 – 26/11/1983. Galerie Am Prater”, Joachim Pohl, Galerie am Prater, Berlin
Artists publication: “ARTISTS INTERNAT’L NEWSPAPER”, Winter 1983. Volume 1, Issue 1. “Correspondence Life”

“Nuove Cartoline – Cartoline postali di ieri e di oggi in un’ottica d’avanguardia” , Enrico Sturani e Chrisitan Rigal, Savelli – Editori, Roma
Artists publication: “LIBELLOUS”, June 9th 1981, Publisher: International Cultureel Centrum – Antwerp, Editor: Guy Schraenen
Antwerp International Mail Art Festival, 25 SEPT – 1 NOV. 1981

Artists publication: “The Badge Show”, ARTE POSTALE! Special ‘Badge show’. Supplement To N.13 – October 1980 – 400 Copies
“Concrete”, Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt. Publication as Little Xerox Book Number One by EDITION BRAIN LANE, London, Edition of 500
Newspaper article: “SALERNO, Poesia Visuale in Germania”, by Giancarlo Cavallo
Artists Newspaper: “El Djarida”, Kunst Musik Litteratur
Catalogue: “Historische. Anthologie Visuele Poezie”, Samengesteld Door G. J. de Rook, Rijkscentrum Hoger Kunstonderwijs, Brussels
Catalogue: “Typewriter”, A Bird in the Bush Publications

“Type Texts”, Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt, Writers Forum, The Printshop, Consortium of London Presses, National Poetry Center, 21 Earls Cout Square London

“1973. Plener w Sierpcu. Malarstwo i Grafika”, photographs by Stefan Deptuszewski compiled by Piotr Komincz, Poland